Our policy is that we ask our authors to include all material and data in their paper or as Multimedia Appendix that is critical for readers to replicate or falsify the research without having to request from the author further details, data, or instruments. This is good scientific practice: Research must be replicable or falsifiable, otherwise it is not research. Also, in the Internet age it is no longer acceptable to ask readers "to contact the authors to request [X]" (where X is further information, a questionnaire, or other non-physical information), because with no space limitations, such material can be made accessible directly.
In particular, we will not publish papers about the development of a questionnaire or instrument without publishing the final questionnaire/instrument itself (eg, as Multimedia Appendix), so that readers can actually use it.
Questionnaires and other important tools constructed or used in the research must be uploaded and made available as Multimedia Appendix, unless a third party owns the copyright and does not make the tool available under a Creative Commons Attribution license.
This will help uptake and citations, and avoids publishing pure marketing pieces for unavailable tools or instruments. Easy availability of the original questionnaires also prevents bastardization or muddling of good questionnaire/item construction work by other readers creating their own versions of the questionnaire because they do not have easy access to the original instrument. Copyright of the instrument will be retained by the authors and the instruments will be published under our standard Creative Commons license (What is a "Creative Commons License"?).
- Can you give me copyright or the permission to use a figure (or other material from a JMIR article)?
- What are the guidelines for supplementary files (figures, Multimedia Appendix, additional material for reviewers/editors only)?
- How to add/upload a Multimedia Appendix?