JMIR Publications uses AMA style.
In-text citations look like this . Note the square brackets. Multiple citations look like this [1,2] or this [1-3].
The "References" at the end of the manuscript need to be numbered sequentially using MS Word's numbered list function. This helps eliminate extra line breaks, which will register as a separate reference in our system.
During the typesetting process, JMIR can handle missing references and will automatically renumber the references (for example, if reference 3 appears in the references list but is not cited in the manuscript, it will be omitted from the references and all references and in-text citations will be renumbered).
Use any AMA journal style (e.g. JAMA), but more importantly, use a bibliographic reference management system which allows you to output the PMID (Pubmed ID) after each journal reference in the format PMID:123456 behind every reference. In fact, when this is done, the actual formatting of the references do not matter, because our RefCheck process during copyediting will pull the reference from various databases.
We welcome author feedback on which bibliographic software and style works best with the JMIR RefCheck process.
- Endnote style for JMIR journals: This is not ideal as it is missing the PMID (if you have a better journal style, let us know)
- Official Zotero style (untested)
- Mendeley style hacked by Robin Kok (untested)
If you used a reference management system (like Endnote), make sure to remove all field codes from your manuscript before submission of the final manuscript (select all text, then press Ctrl+Shift+F9 or Cmd+6 to unlink all fields. Your in-text citations and bibliography become regular text, without field codes or any hidden links. Save under a new file name and upload this as your final manuscript version).
JMIR will be using a sophisticated automated reference checking and correction software dubbed OrangeX/RefCheck. Minor errors in references (such as errors in authors, titles etc) will be automatically corrected using Medline data and information from other databases.
For best results, simply write the PubMed Identifier (PMID) behind each reference (e.g. PMID:12345 - without brackets), or append a Medline link to the abstract (the link contains the PMID as well). For books add the ISBN number after the reference, e.g. ISBN:12342345X.
IMPORTANT: We want to avoid having to renumber/reorder, insert or delete references during copyediting process.
Therefore, please have another look at the manuscript file and make sure that the references are in the right order (cited  to [n] in the manuscript, with matching references numbered 1. to n. in the "References" section).
- References that are "submitted" or "under peer-review" do not belong into the references section and must be deleted unless they have been accepted (in which case you must cite them as "in press").
- Make sure to update references previously cited as "in press" or "forthcoming" if they are now published (add the PMID or DOI if known)
- webpages cited in the manuscript should be moved to the References section
- Government reports, Pew Internet research reports, and other "grey" publications are often freely available on the web, and we prefer that you add a URL linking directly to the PDF to all citations of such reports. We used to ask authors to add a WebCite link to their references, however, since December 2018 this is no longer mandatory due to WebCite phasing out its service to the community.